Vitamins For Headaches

Magnesium (400 mg per day)

Mechanism
Magnesium may be involved in migraine pathogenesis by counteracting vasospasm, inhibiting platelet aggregation, and the stabilization of cell membranes

Side Effects
Diarrhea may occur in up to 50 percent of patients taking magnesium.

Riboflavin-B2 (400 mg per day)

Mechanism
B2 is essential for membrane stability and the maintenance of energy-related cellular functions.

Side Effects
Diarrhea and Polyuria (increased urination)

Coenzyme Q (ten 100 mg three times a day)

Mechanism
Coenzyme Q 10 is an endogenous enzyme cofactor made by all cells in the body functioning to promote mitochondrial proton-electron translocation (promotes cell energy production).

Side Effects
Nausea, anorexia, dyspepsia (stomach upset), diarrhea and skin rash were reported, but at a low rate.

Alpha Lipoic Acid (600 mg per day)

Mechanism
A nutrient that enhances mitochondrial oxygen metabolism and adenosine triphosphate.

Side Effects
None

Feverfew (100-300 mg up to four times per day)

Mechanism
These may inhibit serotonin release from platelets and white blood cells, and inhibit platelet aggregation.  Feverfew may also have anti-inflammatory action.

Side Effects
Gastrointestinal disturbances, mouth ulcers and a “post-feverfew syndrome” of joint aches.

Butterbur (50 mg two times per day)

Mechanism
Butterbur may have a role in the inflammatory cascade associated with migraine.

Side Effects
Mild gastrointestinal symptoms, predominantly eruction (burping).
***Do not start any supplements without first reviewing with Dr. Litchman or your primary care physician.

Boswellia Extract (350-700 mg three times a day)

Mechanism
The exact mechanism of action is unknown though an anti-inflammatory effect is the most likely mechanism.

Side effects
Reflux and heartburn.